Monday, July 28, 2014

Bishop Ough: Covenant, Schism, and Unity



COVENANT, SCHISM AND UNITY


We are a covenant people. And, everyone in this room from all perspectives in the debate regarding human sexuality within The United Methodist Church is in covenant with each other and the whole.
First, and foremost, we are in covenant with God – a covenantal relationship initiated by God. This is a covenant maintained by God’s faithfulness toward us more so than by our efforts to obey Wesley’s admonition “to stay in love with God.”

At the heart of our being in covenant with one another, is God’s initiating, unconditional, universal, unrelenting and uniting love and Jesus’ prayer that we will be one “so that the world will believe.” (John 17:21-22)

Covenant is relational. It is a gift to be received; a gift we cannot deny. Covenant is Spirit-born and Spirit-driven and Spirit-maintained. Paul got this right when he wrote to the Ephesians:

Accept each other with love, making every effort to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called to the one hope of your calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:2b-6)

And, covenant has a purpose; it is intentional. It not only serves to bind us to the one God and to all members of the one Body, but it is, in the words of Eugene Peterson in The Message, to “give the godless world evidence that God sent Jesus and to show that God loves us in the same way God loved Jesus.”

The very nature and intent of God’s covenant with us is under immense pressure within The United Methodist Church. The talk and actions related to schism have reached a fever pitch, driven by the 42-year-old debate over homosexuality, same-gender marriage and scriptural authority. This heightened energy around schism is fueled, in part, by the dynamics of our highly political global church polity. Individuals and groups on opposite sides of this debate are actively working for separation. Many are now openly stating that schism has already taken place; all that remains is division – dividing up the people, assets, episcopal leadership, and governing structures. Several formal and informal groups are preparing legislation for the 2016 General Conference to facilitate an amicable division of The United Methodist Church. Others are simply prepared to practice ecclesial disobedience on a scale that would overwhelm the capacity of annual conferences to manage the potential consequences. Still others are promoting a local option compromise. Some are advocating for more church trials. Others, including myself, view church trials as an affront to discerning a way forward.

In the process, this debate is reducing covenant to purely a governance or political issue. The more conservative folks claim that the covenant is about upholding the current disciplinary language on all matters related to human sexuality and same-gender marriage. The more progressive folks claim the covenant is about biblical obedience to Jesus’ radical love ethic. Both arguments, in my opinion, are incomplete and make a mockery of covenant based in the mysterious power of God’s love and Jesus’ missional prayer for unity.

I have recently read Douglas Hall’s book, Waiting for Gospel:  An Appeal to the Dispirited Remnants of Protestant Establishment. In reviewing the book for the Christian Century, Walter Brueggemann focuses attention on Hall’s claim that both evangelicalism and liberal piety have dumbed down the faith and reduced the gospel to either ethical urgency on the one hand, or pre-occupation with public issues of justice on the other hand. In doing so, they have not paid attention to the mystery of God in the life of persons.

Hall claims the culture around us is waiting for gospel. And, that the culture is not waiting for the tired clich├ęs, compromises and conflicts of the institution, but for the news of God’s transformative grace and mercy. Likewise, he claims the church (or any of its factions) does not possess the gospel, but must always wait to receive it again in fresh, contemporary, radical terms of gift and task.

Schism is the way of the world -- of the culture. Schism would be one more example of the disestablishment and demise of the Christian witness; a witness that increasingly offers no compelling response to reality. Schism is unacceptable in the Church of Jesus Christ. Schism is unacceptable in The United Methodist Church!

In late May, I was in a judicatory heads’ meeting in Minneapolis in which we talked briefly about the 500th  anniversary of Luther’s reformation. The ELCA bishops shared their distress because they do not know whether to lead their people into a season of celebration or into a season of repentance for having not maintained the unity of the church.

One reason, among several, that so many covenant relationships and denominations, including The United Methodist Church, are strained or depleted, in decline or despair, is that there is so little reliance on the Holy Spirit. We need some Holy Spirit breakthroughs! It is the mystery – the Spirit-energy – of God’s redeeming work that ultimately unifies, compels and sends. Authentic unity and rich covenantal relationships are ultimately fruits of the Spirit rather than fruits, exclusively, of correct doctrine, structural sameness,  church rules and law, or even (if Bonhoeffer is to be believed) liking each other. Authentic unity flows from the presence of the Holy Spirit. Authentic unity is incarnated in Christ and made real in the loaf and cup. Authentic unity is expressed in loving God and loving our neighbors.

It makes some of us in very uncomfortable, but the boundaries of the Church have always been charismatic, not canonical. Thus, we know where the Church is, but not where it may be operating beyond our sight or knowledge. We have to admit that while we are gathering in meetings halls or in electronic chat rooms, the Spirit is at work outside our “walls” – perhaps, outside the Church. The boundaries of the Church will not likely be defined or discovered in our rancorous debates, because we do not control the boundaries of the Spirit’s work.

Increasingly, I have trouble with using the word “unity” to describe what we are trying to maintain. In our Western-world view, unity tends to indicate structural sameness or political conformity. Perhaps what we are really trying to achieve or maintain is koinonia – Christian community and relationship. Perhaps what we are really trying to achieve or maintain is covenant – being bound to one another through God’s initiating love and steadfastness.

The history of the Church, recorded for us in the Book of Acts, is instructive to me and to our current reality within The United Methodist Church. Christians and Gentiles came together as one when two conditions prevailed. First, a leader or leaders filled with the Holy Spirit proclaimed Jesus’ expansive, extravagant and unconditional love. Second, the community of believers, again inspired by the Holy Spirit, affirmed that the poor, the marginalized, the outcast, the “other” would never be forgotten or excluded.

Our own Wesleyan renewal movement led by John and Charles Wesley is a prime example. It arose, as you know, in response to the deplorable conditions of the poor in mid-eighteenth century England. It formed and inspired by (1) the Spirit’s movement within the Holy Club, (2) at a prayer meeting on Aldersgate Street, and (3) in the decision to preach in the fields, wharfs and mines.

The witness from Acts, chapter 11, of Peter recounting his vision while in Joppa to the believers in Jerusalem, is instructive to us. You may recall, Peter gets called on the carpet for baptizing some Gentiles in Caesarea. Can’t you hear them saying to Peter, “What do you think you are doing, rubbing shoulders with that crowd, eating what is prohibited and ruining our good name?”

Peter goes on to tell the Council at Jerusalem that when he began to address the “outsiders” in Caesarea, the Holy Spirit fell on “them” just as it did on “us” the first time. And, he recalls Jesus’ words:  “John baptized with water; you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.” Peter concludes with a penetrating question. A question that often haunts me; but, a question that I believe must guide my, and our, efforts to maintain unity, affirm covenant and express our common witness in Christ. The question is:  “If then God gave them the same gift God gave us when we believed in the Lord Jesus Christ, who was I that I could hinder God?” Who was I that I could hinder God?

This question has the same effect that Jesus’ scribbling in the dirt had on the explosive situation where the men were poised to stone the woman caught in adultery. Space is created. Holy space is created. We need such a space in our rush to judgment, schism and division with The United Methodist Church.

Space enough for us to look again; look deeper for the presence of the Holy Spirit. Space enough to receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Space enough to let the Spirit bless us with the gift of one heart, one mission. Space enough for the Holy Spirit to inform our doctrine and our decisions. Space enough for the “other” to be included. Space enough to remember we cannot change or withhold God’s covenantal love toward us or anyone else. Space enough to exercise the pastoral office. Space enough for the reign of God to break forth, so that the world may believe. Space enough to exercise the pastoral office.

I conclude with these prayerful expressions of hope:

Perhaps, just perhaps, our unity and the fullness of God’s covenant grace, will be found in our fire – our passion – for the Gospel and what Pope Francis calls the first proclamation:  Jesus Christ has saved you.

Perhaps, just perhaps, our unity and the fullness of God’s covenant grace will be found in our ministry with the poor.

Perhaps, just perhaps, our unity and the fullness of God’s covenant grace, will be found in remembering it is God’s work, not our political and caucus agendas or theological camps, that we are called to.

Perhaps, just perhaps, our unity and the fullness of God’s covenant grace, will be found not so much in knowing and protecting what we believe, but in loving and living what we believe.

Perhaps, just perhaps, our unity and the fullness of God’s covenant grace, will be found when we earnestly and collectively pray for, and submit to, the powerful and unifying gift of the Holy Spirit.

Perhaps, just perhaps, our unity and the fullness of God’s covenant grace, will be found when the first thought on our minds and on our lips is:  “Who am I to hinder God, if God gave the same exact Spirit-gift to them as to us?”

Perhaps, just perhaps, the only question we need to ask one another is the one John Wesley stated in his sermon on The Marks of a Methodist:  “Do you love and serve God? It is enough. I give you the right hand of fellowship.”




Bishop Bruce R. Ough
Dakotas-Minnesota Area
The United Methodist Church

Monday, July 21, 2014

Brad Brady: Worldwide Nature of the Church

I can’t get the hymn, “In Christ There Is No East or West” out of my mind as I participate in our ongoing discussions around the Worldwide Nature of the United Methodist Church.

It is easy to sing and celebrate our unity in mission.  Across the globe there are signs of spiritual transformation flowing out of the congregations and ministries of United Methodism.  As the hymn states, our joining hands in the disciple-making mission of Christ is the “golden cord” that binds us together.

Like in so many areas of our Christian experience, there is a “present” and a “not yet” dimension to United Methodism’s pursuit of fully living as a worldwide church. 

You do not have to look hard to find examples of this unrealized vision, especially when you begin talking about our organization, structure and governance.   One can feel the struggle of the “not yet” whenever the inevitable power-shifting discussions unfold.  As in any system, those with power naturally seek to protect their control and influence. 

It doesn’t take long in these conversations to have the Apostle Paul’s teaching about the Body of Christ challenge me to fully recognize and value each part of the body.  For me, I suppose the core question we are pursuing is what would our church look like if we more fully lived up to Paul’s image of the Body of Christ?

The last verse of the hymn places before us an invitation as we continue to prayerfully discuss and discern matters related to the worldwide nature of The United Methodist Church.
In Christ now meet both east and west,
in him meet south and north;
all Christly souls are one in him
throughout the whole wide earth.
In Christ There Is No East or WestThe United Methodist HymnalHymn 548


Brad is Pastor of Perry United Methodist Church in the SouthGeorgia Annual Conference. He has been active in almost every aspect of the Church including pastoring local churches, serving as District Superintendent, as Director of Connectional Ministries for 11 years, as Conference Secretary for 13 years and as SEJ Conference Secretary from 2008-2012.  

Monday, July 7, 2014

Why Be Part of a Worldwide UMC?

By: Bishop Patrick Streiff

Twice over the last month, regions in my Episcopal area have been flooded, first in Serbia, then in Bulgaria. In Serbia the UMC churches were not directly affected by the floods, in Bulgaria church property and houses of members were damaged or destroyed. In each case, Methodists from other regions called our office and asked: “What help do you need? What can we do?” In Bulgaria, a poor Roma (Gypsy) church collected money in the Sunday worship for the Roma church farther north which was directly affected. The Polish Annual Conference which met a few days after the devastating storms in Bulgaria made an offering for the UMC in Bulgaria. And in our office, we continue to link the support between the countries because the most difficult time for the people will come when there will be no harvesting in summer and fall. By that time, the headlines of the news will be directed to other topics. People will have forgotten about the floods, but Methodists remember. – I know why I want to be and remain part of a worldwide UMC!

Youth from many countries in our central conference met last year in Serbia for a summer camp. As often it was difficult to receive the applications in time. But more than 50 young people came to the “YouMe” and after that experience they asked that we organize more often such youth camps. This summer many partnership churches or VIM-teams from the US come to central and southern Europe. They organize English camps or leadership training, help in building projects and celebrate worship with their partner churches. And many of our growing churches are communities which are particularly welcoming towards foreigners and migrants living in our society. – I know why I want to be and remain part of a worldwide UMC!

This year in the fall, the central conference of central and southern Europe will celebrate its 60-years. After World War II and with the rise of communism, it seemed impossible to reconnect and again build up the central conference. In 1954, the founding central conference took place in Belgium, one of the countries belonging to the former Methodist Episcopal Church South. The newly elected Bishop could not travel every year to Eastern Europe. It depended on the “political climate” whether and in which country he received a visa for entry. But Methodists were re-connected between East and West a long time before the fall of communist regimes around 1989. We continue to celebrate and renew such connections in the midst of recurrent raises of nationalism in many European countries. – I know why I want to be and remain part of a worldwide UMC! And you?


Bishop Streiff serves on the Connectional Table as the Chair of the Standing Committee on Central Conference Matters and as Central Conference member of Central and Southern Europe.

Monday, June 30, 2014

Why I am United Methodist - Susan Henry-Crowe

Church inspired crossing boundaries, reflecting critically, praying earnestly, thinking globally. 

Article originally posted on The General Board of Church and Society of The United Methodist Church on June 25, 2014. 

Editor's note: This is the first in a series of reflections on their own faith journeys written by members of the staff of the General Board of Church & Society. The photo is a compilation of items each person brought to a day-long retreat with the agency’s new general secretary last fall. Each item is a personal icon representing a staff member’s faith journey.


I come from a family that supported a young woman, my Aunt Della Wright, who in 1905 in her 20s was the second principal of the Colegio Metodista Americano in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Aunt Della lived her life in Brazil, Texas and on the margins of life.

The best Sunday School teacher in the whole world was a middle-aged, white businessman who inspired my love of thinking theologically. Mr. Buchanan had us as high-school students read Karl Barth, Paul Tillich, and form critical methods of reading Scripture. He led us in wonderful ethical and theological discussions that were relevant and engaging every Sunday morning.

Our sub-District and District Methodist Youth Fellowship (MYF) worked together. Our church and our District’s youths worked across economic and cultural lines in the Anderson Rd. Mission of our denomination. We tutored, played basketball and were very present to children and young adults we would never have known otherwise.

Olene Civils, our church’s Director of Education, was a deaconess. She guided our MYF study for over a year on the Middle East. The summer of 1967, at the time of the Six Day War, 45 MYFers from our church were at our denomination’s Church Center at the United Nations in New York City watching King Hussein of Jordan enter the U.N. headquarters across the street.

Church helped see larger world
Some years later, I articulated that it was the Church that helped me glimpse a world where as a Christian I would never be completely at home in Greenville, S.C. And I never was. I would need a larger world to satisfy my curiosity, my longing to understand Christian life from the eyes of those in textile communities, rural communities, John's Island, S.C., Jerusalem, Palestine, countries of Europe and Africa.

I went to my first high-school prom with a young gay man. My church cared for him and all of its youths. The culture may have stigmatized him, but my church did not.

The summer I graduated from high school, I participated in a Migrant Ministry program on Johns Island with other Methodist, Lutheran and Catholic young people. I worked with women and children. We met in the camps each night with families who lived in extremely crowded, hot, spartan, unsanitary conditions. I helped a young woman give birth to her baby when the hospital would not admit her. I got hepatitis.

In college at the Wesley Foundation, there were Bible studies, theological reflections, retreats and several times a week outreach to a girls’ home. We went to Columbia, S.C., to civil-rights demonstrations and anti-war protests. We also went on retreats, sat around campfires singing, and undertook basic Christian formation.

Early wave of women into ordained ministry
I was ordained with the early wave of women into the ministry of The United Methodist Church. Bishop James Thomas’ and Bishop Edward Tullis’ names are on my ordination credentials. I think they were as proud of me as I was to belong among them.

I served three pastoral appointments in rural and textile communities in South Carolina. I loved the people of those communities.

I served a parish in conservative Strom Thurmond territory. I loved the people of that community. I have many stories of how they journeyed in having a young woman pastor, and how I journeyed into lands I never knew.

I served on the South Carolina Conference Council on Ministries, holding almost every portfolio of the UMC. Serving with Bishop Roy Clark and Joseph Bethea, the ground was laid for five cross-racial appointments in South Carolina in 1989. It was hard and painful and joyful work.

I served for 22 joy-filled years as Dean of the Chapel & Religious Life at Emory University, serving the needs of the university in eight schools and 30 religious communities. Multi-faith work in a large university grounded in the ecumenical spirit of Methodism was a great joy.

The Church’s gift
I am sharing this because it is this Church that gave me and continues to give millions of young people this gift: crossing boundaries, reflecting critically, praying earnestly, thinking globally, living in communities I, nor they, would ever have known or come to understand. The Church put me in places as a 12-year-old, a 16-year-old, an 18-year-old, at 21 to 25 … I learned firsthand that there are greater and lesser resources, vision, and people and communities that are not homogenous.

The Church gave me a way to see Christ in the world not just from the eyes of privilege, but from the eyes of migrant workers, of textile workers, of Strom Thurmond conservatives — all whom I loved. I knew nothing about textile workers: The Church gave me that gift. I knew nothing about the Middle East: The Church gave me that. I did not know many Strom Thurmond conservatives, and I loved them.

Christian formation, education, outreach and justice, love of God and love of God's world are the gifts given to and illuminated for me.

Treasure ‘the Connection’
I treasure what we historically, pragmatically and legally call "the Connection." But that word does not fully indicate what it is. The Connection is Christian life together, of prayer, of sacraments, of teaching, of living, of bearing witness, of doing good, of visiting those in prison, standing with migrants, working alongside immigrants, to holding the broken hearted, of hallowing to the Joy of the Gospel of the Risen Christ throughout the whole inhabited earth.

We must move organically from fear, suspicion and brokenness to respect and trust. The Church must be inclusive of all. Fully and completely. A Church divided can never fully heal. We know divisions of the Church throughout the centuries break the heart of God and violate the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The world needs this Methodist family, as broken and wounded as we are.


I am United Methodist because of the gifts given me and to which I hold, believe, teach, preach, treasure, and am in love with: one Lord, one Faith, one Baptism, one Order, one worldwide United Methodist Church.



Susan Henry-Crowe became General Secretary of the Board ofChurch and Society in February 2014. Before her election, she served as dean of the Chapel and Religious Life at Emory University for 22 years. For 16 years, Henry-Crowe served as a member of the United Methodist Judicial Council, the denomination’s “Supreme Court.” She was the first woman elected president of the Judicial Council, serving in that role from 2008-2012. Henry-Crowe is an ordained elder in the South Carolina Annual Conference where she served in three pastoral appointments, and as associate director and then director of the Conference Council on Ministries.